Saturday, December 22, 2007

The Game of Life

http://russianwomen.wordpress.com/2006/12/21/a-prostitutes-game-and-a-path-to-hell/

Many years ago when I was back in California I was driving up to a seminar and had volunteered to pick up another lady on a car pool list who was also attending it. Let’s call this Woman “Carol”. Carol looked like she was in her early to mid 40’s. Typical nature-mama look with disheveled clothes, tangled hair and a face that had an equally confused expression. Frail and depressed were the two words that came to mind as I saw her for the first time. After our greetings and introductions we later on settled into a conversation about Men, Women and Relationships.. Carol was sad and upset as she talked in a surprisingly candid and neurotic tone when she said…

I don’t understand why Men don’t want me anymore.. When I was a teenager in the 70’s I was a hot little girl and every man wanted me and I could completely do as I pleased. I could get him to buy me drinks, take me
out
for expensive dates, and buy me gifts. And then I could get rid of him and another Man would quickly do the same. But now that doesn’t happen anymore..

Now since I had vivid memories of being on the receiving end of this kind of evil sexual manipulation.. I just wanted to stop the car and say..

You Stupid Bitch! You got what you deserved.. you wasted the best years of your life throwing Men out like pieces of trash when you should have used that precious time to find someone who would love you for the rest of your days.. You played with fire and now you’re going to pay the price until you are old and gray..

Part of me REALLY wished that I would have said that to her.. But the other part of me just said to relax and to let an unforgiving Mother Nature do the talking for me instead. As each passing year would creep forward for her it was obvious that Carol was condemned to a prison from which there was no escape. It’s because she made the WORST Judgment a Woman can do in her Life.. She FAILED to realize that Lasting Love is MUCH MORE Valuable and HARDER to Find then any number of Men with a few more Dollars in their pockets. However there was simply no need for me to tell her this important truth.. Because my silent response was far more punishing to her then what my words could ever say. For all intensive purposes this woman had become addicted to what I call the “Prostitute’s Game”. She foolishly thought that the free ride for her as a Woman would last forever.. She was like the jaded prostitute who judged all Men only by the size of their wallets and in doing this she actually turned herself into a mere commodity. A commodity that was already cheap to start with.. but now at this point in her life even when it was “free” there were no more men willing to accept it. (Maybe except for the bi-polar, alcoholic, and nearly homeless artist that she claimed she had sex with 6 months previously). Now unfortunately there are large numbers of materialistic women around the world and in Russia who fit this description. I met one the other day who was trying to impress me with how much of a “Queen” she thought she was because of her looks and it reminded me of Carol’s story. On one hand it’s hilarious to see foolish Women acting this way.. But on the other hand it’s a total tragedy. Because they always assume that they will stay young and beautiful forever. And they just never consider the future which is always closer then they think when their looks and hopes have faded with the wind. It reminds me of an airplane that is dropping into a steep dive. At what point does the pilot need to safely pull up before he crashes into the ground? At what point in these Women’s lives do they cross the point of no return.. At what point in their “fun” and exploitative lifestyle did they just lose the last chance to have a Good Man in their life.. Just who was this remaining Good Man who stepped onto the last train leaving her station when she thought that more would come.. Mother Nature can be so often cruel and unforgiving. So many people just never realize the exact moment they consign their lives to Hell when it happens.. And insidiously enough for them.. it is usually within the addictive haze of some fleeting experience of “freedom and fun” that this moment actually happens. Or in other words.. she just can’t stop doing it because she like it way too much.(Kinda like how an addiction to cigarettes can kill you many years after your enjoyment of smoking them is done..) And so many women like Carol never realize it until it’s just way too late.In the US and in the West this point of no return for a Woman is typically somewhere in her mid to late 30’s. While in the unforgiving and merciless dating environment that Russian Women face over here.. this range is more between her mid 20’s to early 30’s. So especially when I see a small percentage of Russian Girls in their early to mid 20’s playing this exploitative game against Men..A part of me just want’s to scream at them..

Hey you STUPID Girl! Don’t you know that TIME is NOT on your side as a Woman! Keep on playing this game and you will be forced to play it FOREVER!

But then common sense takes over as I take a deep breath.. exhale.. and shut my lips.. And again I allow Mother Nature to take over and to speak for me with her silence.. A silence that speaks with so much more darkness and eloquence… Like it did on that drive with Carol so many years ago.

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http://monolith.dnsalias.org/~marsares/warfare/army/m_elepha.html

The Macedonian war-elephant

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Alexander was so impressed by the elephants of the army of an Indian king called Poros that he immediately added them to his army. The battlefield was even dominated by a combination of the phalanx and the elephants during the era of the diadochs after the death of Alexander. The power of the elephant was even more increased when battle-towers were placed on the back of them. In this tower were normally a pikeman and an archer who could attack enemies who attempted to stop the elephant from breaking through their formations. The elephant was controlled by a driver who was of Indian origin. The driver was armed with several javelins.

Tactics of the War-elephant

The main advantages of the elephants were their size and their terrifying sight. They were especially useful against cavalry as the horses who were not used to the sight and the sound of an elephant bolted most of the time. A row of elephants with 20 till 50 metres space between them was enough to stop a massive cavalry attack most of the times. However, there was one big disadvantage: elephants were very hard to kill, but many wounds or the loss of the driver was often enough to scare the elephant and then he also became a big danger to the friendly army. That is why they were normally escorted by a group of light infantry. The elephants at the end of the era of diadochs had a permanent escort of light infantry, a tower big enough to hold four men, and leather or metal rings around their legs which had to prevent that the enemy cut the muscles in the heels of the elephant. The smaller African jungle-elephant was also used by the Ptolemies and Cartage. It is not known if Cartage also used battle-towers, but the Ptolemies certainly did. The elephant in this picture is characteristic for the period from 280 till 200 BC.

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Exhibit 13:
www.chicagohungarians.com/radics/Origin2a.htm
The gold plated handle of the saber of Vienna
The Sword of God

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In the Schatzkammer section of the Art Museum of Vienna, among many swords on display, there is one that is thought to be Attila's. Actually it is a saber. If one were to make a careful and close examination of the workmanship and the decorative motifs found upon it, there is no doubt that one would arrive at the following conclusion: that saber bears the typical and unmistakable work of a Hungarian goldsmith from the IX-X century. On the handle there are three rings decorated with precious stones; obviously, this saber wasn’t made for use in battle - or for everyday use of any kind. The gold-plated handle shows no wear or tear whatsoever; however, someone may have worn it on special occasions or used it at sacred ceremonies. The mother of King Salamon (1063-1074) gave it to Prince Otto Nordheim, which indicates that this saber was in the possession of the Hungarian kings who inherited it from their earlier rulers. Horsemen of the plains dominated the vast area from the Carpathians to the Altai Mountains and beyond for millennia. Their culture and civilization were different from those of the western peoples, and throughout the centuries they fought many wars. Because of their sheltered life, the people of the West had become somewhat soft, while the people of the plains remained rough and at one with nature. They were the greatest warriors the world had ever known. Bravery was instilled in them from childhood onward; bravery was implanted into the depths of their soul. They lived by the sword and they died by the sword. It is no wonder that to them the sword (saber) was a sacred object, which they revered. They were empowered by it. The Sword of God had a magic power; it was either inherited or specially made for great rulers such as Attila or Álmos. According to some sources, the Scythians used iron from a meteor to make the Sword of God - most special, indeed. After the blacksmith fashioned the sword, it was placed on the top of a mound - standing it up like a lightning rod, waiting for the lightning to strike it. If this happened, it was believed to be the will of God, and this gave the sword a magical power. This power from the sword was transferred to its owner and was given to him by God - he ruled by the will of God. The saber of Vienna is most likely one of the Swords of God, probably the only one in the Western World that has never been buried in the ground.

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Who Do You Think is the Better Firearm Shooter, a US Marine or a Police Officer?

Assuming They Both Have the Same Amount of Experience in Their Field

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Hopefully the U.S. Marine.....

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The Marine would have more firearm training hopefully. They are trained for combat. Police are peace officers. The gun is only a last resort.

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U. S. Marine all the way

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The Marine would have more training and use their weapons more often I would presume.

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U.S. Marine are better

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A Marine. Police all most never fire their guns

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The better marks man will be better shooter. Any way, I don't want to be on the wrong end of either party.......lol

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U.S. Marine. They are trained differently. They have to go through alot more + they can't mess around when they shoot they kill or be killed.

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I'd go with the U.S. Marine as they would have more extensive training with various sorts of firearms (i.e. rifles) and not just handguns. BOTH Police and Marines ARE well-trained in the use of firearms in general, but you also have to factor in that Marines (i.e. the ones in Iraq) have extensive COMBAT training to deal with terrorist situations AND some Marines are arguably better trained as snipers that your neighborhood police officer, who may NOT be trained at ALL in this area!

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Ma-RINE :) - We are trained to be the Best of the Best. Police have great practice with their pistols and other side-weapons, but they are trained on street targets and practice range. Marines are trained to shoot all targets, many different scenaries. Precisions night shots, distance, many more military weapons. Also, again known as the 'Best of the Best'

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US marine:

  • Better training

  • Can use larger weapons

  • Better aim

  • The Delta Force needs 100% accuracy for snipers at 5 miles

  • Put 2 bullets in between your eyes in pitch dark while running

  • Build a gun from correct parts in less 15 min

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Hopefully, the Marine.

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I have been in the marines and I have seen a lot of Marines that couldn't shoot no matter how much coaching you give them. It mostly depends on the person most of the time. Women are better shooters than men when it come to shooting rifles, but hand gun men are mostly better.

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My current experience is the Marine. Police do not practice enough and I have watched some when they do practice and have been less than impressed

Source(s): ME, Firearms instructor

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If I had to make a bet without any personal knowledge of the two people in question, I'd put my money on the Marine.

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The Marines overall.

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Marines. They train more. On top of that, they train not only "at the range" but on various combat courses from fairly small controlled ranges to large (900+ sq miles) operations where everything from the rifles to artillery to planes, all using live ordinances.

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It depends upon the weapon. Police Officers would be better at utilizing their handgun, while the Marine would be better at the rifle. Our armed services spend numerous hours instilling rifle training, but very little with the pistol (except for MPs). Our law enforcement does just the opposite (except for SWAT).

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The one with the best vision. If one has perfect vision and the other has coke bottle glasses... I'd pick the the guy with good eyes. This assumes they have the same experience and training, as you stated, but....I would hope the Marine would have a lot of experience with a rifle... making him the better choice with it. The Police would have more experience with handguns, so you've got that too.

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Marine...... Hope they shoot better than the police officers I know.

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Marine. Most police officers only have to qualify with their weapon twice a year give or take. Most every cop friend I have, I have out shot on the range. Just an observation. Not every cop is a bad shot. I know a good few that shoot for teams.

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Both of them.*

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The U.S. Marine hands down should be a better shooter. If the cop is better well than the cop and marine should switch jobs

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Well......... My buddy is a city cop AND he was a marine for several years..... ----- Anyways to answer your question the Marine would most likely be better..... Some of those US Marines have been in some ~ maybe many intense gunfights in the streets of Baghdad.... Even in places like Miami the cops dont get in regular gun fights and especialy protracted long lasting gun fights.... City police rarely ever have an AK47 fired at them much less rocket propelled grenades.... I would say the marines would be the better shooter .....

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A Marine probably would in most cases. My brother was a cop for a while, and he was quite an amateur with guns. I taught him much and let him use some of my guns, until he got his own. He was issued an old revolver that was worn out and was terribly inaccurate. He had never even fired it. I insisted that, if he was going to carry it, he must shoot it well. No one could, so I loaned him one of mine. Dad's younest brother was a Marine sharpshooter, and I saw him hit the head of a nail at 50 yards with a .22 bolt-action. My uncle was much better than my brother with guns.

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With the proviso that both have the same experience and training, it would be a toss up. Different people have different skills, and two men going through the same marksmanship program will have different proficiencies afterward. Based on standard Marine firearms training, an standard police marksmanship training, I'd expect the Marine to be the superior rifleman, and the policeman to be a superior handgun marksman. Doc

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Well if they have the same amount of experience, it won't make any difference which uniform he wears, it will depend on the individual. Did you have any particular individuals in mind?

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What hasn't been stated yet is the average Marine may shoot thousands of rounds while in training, with the majority being rifle training. The Marine will also shoot a wider variety of weapons, rifle, shotgun, handgun, machine gun, maybe even the mark 20 grenade launcher. You ask a Marine what gun(s) he is carrrying and he WILL tell you what they are. And the average Marine likes guns. Most law enforcement cadets will never shoot more than 5-600 rounds in training, with the majority being handgun training, with some time spent with shotguns, and very little to no rifle. I have also spoken with many LE guys that couldnt tell me what model their pistol was, only what caliber it was, which I could cleary see to be a Smith 5906 or a Glock 17 and Im like"holy ****, this guy is keeping us safe? I have had the pleasure to pratice and qualify with many LE guys. Many of which are less than average when it comes to shooting ability. Even had one girl who was an MP, she was asked to leave the qualifying range as she only had 3 shots on paper after firing 15! The same experience in their field is an impossibility.

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A commisioned police officer is NOT a soldier and has less than a fraction of similar job related responsibilities. And a soldier is not a police officer, and should never be asked to do any policing while on active duty as the psychological training is more intricate for police officers. As for the dolt who claimed 5 mile accuracy by Delta Force snipers, Chuck Norris is an actor, and movies and video games are not real. Navy SEAL snipers are trained in San Diego at 1 mile. They shoot dummies in busses with .50 out there. At the actual SEAL sniper school back east, I believe they shoot maximum 1 mile but with the smaller cal. guns. I have a cousin who just returned from Fallujah, who is SEAL team 10, who also took top spot in his sniper school. And will be joining team 6 in a few weeks. So these are facts straight from him. I would give most Marines the ability to outshoot the Police most any day. But really this is like comparing the ability of some kid and his .22 rifle against the guy who owns dozens of guns and shoots them regularly.

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UM......The better shot...????

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USMC for years has preached to every Marine that to be a Marine rifleman, they'd have to qualify out to 500m with M16s. They get more trigger time. Some police officers only have to qualify once a year, and then only out to 25 yds with a handgun.. Sure there are "gun nuts" that are Police and shoot for fun and skill building, but not your average police officer. The only police that can come close to Marine level most likely are SWAT, because they shoot more on a regular basis and former Marines or Army who are now police officers.

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By Randy C

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I am a retired cop, so I guess I have a little more insight than the regular person off the street. Marines are combat rifleman. Most cops are trained in handguns and shotguns, not rifles. Specialized training in rifle work is mainly for SWAT and similar officers. This mostly involves sniper work. I'd put my money on a combat experienced Marine over a patrol officer for rifle work, but reverse that for pistol work. As for sniper work. I'd still put my money on the sniper school trained, combat experienced Marine over a Swat officer. Just my humble opinion.

Source(s):

Retired Police Officer

NRA certified police firearms instructor

Trained at GLOCK, COLT and S&W armorers schools

Ran a gun shop for many years

Fired both rifle and handgun competitions

And have been an avid hunter since age 9 with Archery, Black Powder, Shotgun, Handgun and Modern Rifle

SI VIS PACEM PARA BELLUM(If you want peace, prepare for war)

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Better shot? Police use handguns and train with them more. Marines use rifles and train with them more, so it depends on what are you talking about. Both have to meet certain skill levels on the range. Both can make the error of shooting first and asking questions later. Sometimes the Marines are attractive to degenerate killers, more likely if they try to get into the PD they will not pass the personality profile tests. A Marine with those same tendencies might be labeled "motivated" and on the fast track to Lance Corporal

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Sometimes a really bad question is asked, this is one of those times. Its not stupid because as we say in the Marines the only stupid question is the one you didn't ask! People are different in every way and some can shoot better than others and he or she might be a tennis player. You can be taught to shoot but the best are born to it. Carlos Hathcock and Chuck Mawhenny are examples of this. Being a sniper to them was like riding a bike or painting a masterpiece and there are police officers just as good and some have been both!

Source(s): USMC Vietnam Vet sq lder 68 69 ground pounder

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Marines. They handle firearms more, and shot thousands of rounds in basic. They build on accuracy.

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Impossible to determine from the lack of information provided.

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http://greensleeves.typepad.com/berkshires/world_history/index.html

Royal Me and Thee

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As a genealogist blessed with a considerable trove of ancestral data, I know where to find those convoluted lines in my family tree that show how I connect with various European nobility and even, if royal pedigrees are to be believed, to such fine fellows as Erik Bloodaxe, Lady Godiva and Old King Cole. But then, if you have European ancestry, so do you. Martin Rundkvist lays it on the line at Aardvarchaeology:

"Do the math as you count generations into the past. Two parents, four grandparents, eight great grandparents, sixteen great-great-grandparents, and so on through the centuries. Soon you reach a
point where the number of ancestors in a given generation is larger than the population of the Earth at the time. (This is possible because as you move back, a single individual may occupy a large number of slots on your family tree, which is known as pedigree collapse. That is such a badass term.) The population of Europe in AD 1000 is estimated at about 36 million. Not all of them had kids. With a mean generation length (defined as the duration from a person's birth to
the birth of their first child) of 25 years, we get 40 generations per
millennium. 240=1,099,511,627,776. There are almost 1100 billion slots on your tree in AD 1000. So all living Europeans and European-descended people elsewhere are descendants of Saint Olaf."

This also means that if someone calls you a "royal bastard", strictly speaking that is probably true even if you don't know for sure where in your lineage you link back to one of Henry Plantagenet's innumerable litter. The fact that so many of us with a drop of Caucasoid DNA in our veins do know where to find the links in our ancient ancestral chains has a lot to do with the higher survival rate of the nobility (there is the little matter of the Black Death creating something on an ancestral bottleneck) and because there is better documentation of the ruling classes and their progeny, along with subsequent interest (snob value) by more recent generations. Each generation and global movement of our species merely increases the likelihood that we will have more ancestors in common. And if you go far enough back, say 70,000 odd years ago, a massive supervolcanic event at Lake Toba in Sumatra is theorized to have reduced the entire human population to 1,000 breeding pairs. DNA sequencing , of course, means that genealogists don't need those 800 year old parish records to have survived Cromwell or the Blitz to prove that you are related to ancient people from some specific European local. There is, for instance, the case of Cheddar Man, Britain's oldest complete human skeleton, who lived around 7150 BCE. That is 300 generations ago, and yet after mitochondrial DNA was extracted from one of his molars and compared with samples from 20 living residents of Cheddar Village, it produced 2 perfect matches and one with but a single mutation. Because they used mitochondrial DNA which is passed exclusively from mother to child, these closest living relatives may be descended not from Cheddar Man but his mother or sister. Geneticists conclude we all go back to a Mitochondrial Eve about 140,000 years ago through our mothers.

"To find the Mitochondrial Eve of all living humans, one can start by tracing a line from every individual to his/her mother, then continue those lines from each of those mothers to their mothers and so on, effectively tracing a family tree backward in time based purely on mitochondrial lineages. Going back through time these mitochondrial lineages will converge when two or more women have the same mother. The further back in time one goes, the fewer mitochondrial ancestors of living humans there will be. Eventually only one is left, and this one is the most recent common matrilineal ancestor of all humans alive today, i.e. Mitochondrial Eve. It is possible to draw the same matrilineal tree forward in time by starting with all human female contemporaries of Mitochondrial Eve. Some of these women may have died childless. Others left only male children. For the rest who became mothers with at least one daughter, one can trace a line forward in time connecting them to their daughter(s). As the forward lineages progress in time, more and more lineage lines become extinct, as the last female in a line dies childless or leaves no female children. Eventually, only one single lineage remains, which includes all mothers, and in the next generation, all people, and hence all people alive today."

This common female ancestor of ours is the source of the only purely matrilineal line that survives in our human tree. So much for the blood of kings. It is quite common after all.

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www.crystalinks.com/adameve.html

Mitochondrial Eve

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Mitochondrial Eve is the name given by researchers to the woman who is the matrilineal most recent common ancestor for all living humans, from whom all mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) in living humans is descended. Mitochondrial Eve is the female counterpart of the Y-chromosomal Adam, the patrilinear most recent common ancestor. She is believed by some to have lived about 150,000 years ago in what is now Ethiopia, Kenya or Tanzania. Her age is calculated based on the molecular clock technique of correlating elapsed time with observed genetic drift. Naming Mitochondrial Eve after Eve of the Genesis creation story by Wilson, has led to some misunderstandings among the general public. A common misconception is that Mitochondrial Eve was the only living female of her time - she was not (indeed, had she been, humanity would have probably become extinct). Many women alive at the same time as Mitochondrial Eve have descendants alive today. However, only Mitochondrial Eve produced an unbroken line of mitochondria that persists today. Imagine a family tree of all humans living today. Now imagine a line from each individual to their mother, and continue those lines from each of those mothers to their mothers, and so on. Going back through time their mitochondrial lineages will converge as sisters share the same mother. The further back in time one goes, the fewer mitochondrial ancestors of living humans there will be until only one is left - this is the latest common matrilineal ancestor of all the humans alive today, i.e. Mitochondrial Eve. Now, going in the opposite direction of the family tree (from ancient times to today), imagine the same line, which now connects mothers to their daughters. Starting with the entire human population alive at some time in the past, lineages will become extinct as women die childless or only have male children. Eventually, only a single lineage remains, which is the same as before. Mitochondrial Eve is the most recent common matrilineal (female-lineage) ancestor for mtDNA, not the most recent common ancestor (MRCA) of all humans. The MRCA's offspring have led to all living humans, but Mitochondrial Eve must be traced only through female lineage, so she is estimated to have lived much longer ago than the MRCA. While Mitochondrial Eve is thought to have been living around 150,000 years ago, the MRCA is estimated to have been living only a few thousand years ago. Mitochondrial DNA -- We know about Eve because of mitochondria organelles that are passed only from mother to offspring. Each mitochondrion contains Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA). A comparison of DNA sequences from mtDNA in a population reveals a molecular phylogeny. Unlike mtDNA, which is outside the nucleus, genes in nuclear DNA become mixed because of genetic recombination, and therefore we can be statistically less certain about their origins. Diversity is magnified in mtDNA and population bottlenecks are particularly magnified (Wilson et al 1985). Just as mitochondria are inherited matrilineally, Y-chromosomes are inherited patrilineally. Thus it is possible to apply the same principles outlined above to men. The common patrilineal ancestor of all humans alive today has been dubbed Y-chromosomal Adam. Importantly, the genetic evidence suggests the most recent patriarch of all humanity is much more recent than the most recent matriarch, suggesting that 'Adam' and 'Eve' were not alive at the same time.

Eve and the Out-of-Africa Theory

Mitochondrial Eve is sometimes referred to as African Eve, an ancestor who has been hypothesized on the grounds of fossil as well as DNA evidence. According to the most common interpretation of the mitochondrial DNA data, the titles belong to the same hypothetical woman. Family trees (or "phylogenies") constructed on the basis of mitochondrial DNA comparisons show that the living humans whose mitochondrial lineages branched earliest from the tree are indigenous Africans, whereas the lineages of indigenous peoples on other continents all branch off from African lines. Researchers therefore reason that all living humans descend from Africans, some of whom migrated out of Africa to populate the rest of the world. If the mitochondrial analysis is correct, then because mitochondrial Eve represents the root of the mitochondrial family tree, she must have predated the exodus and lived in Africa. Therefore many researchers take the mitochondrial evidence as support for the "single-origin" or Out-of-Africa model. Since phylogeny has theoretical as well as practical (computational) limitations, it is hard if not impossible to find the best tree to match experimental data, and therefore room is left for discussion. Critics of the "African genesis" model argue that the mitochondrial evidence can be explained by natural selection acting on a single gene. This explanation is compelling because nuclear genes do not show the same "evidence" that the mitochondrial gene does. Moreover, some trees associate Eve most closely to the indigenous peoples of Asia. As of 2003 the current debate focuses more on questions of dating an event that is generally considered proven. This will continue to prove futile because of natural selection. The strongest support that mitochondrial DNA offers for the African-origin hypothesis may not depend on trees. One finding not subject to interpretation is that the greatest diversity of mitochondrial DNA sequences exists among Africans. This diversity would not have accumulated, researchers argue, if humans had not been living longer in Africa than anywhere else. Yet, this too proves to be a mixed blessing of "support" for the Eve theory since the same relative diversity is explained if more people lived in African than in other regions - an interpretation of the past that all evolutionary models accept, even those that contradict the Eve theory such as Multiregional evolution.

Seven Daughters of Eve

The Seven Daughters of Eve is a book by Bryan Sykes that presents the theory of mitochondrial genetics to a general audience. Sykes explains the principles of genetics and human evolution, the particularities of mitochondrial genetics, and analyses of ancient DNA to genetically link modern humans to prehistoric ancestors. Following the developments of mitochondrial genetics, Sykes traces back human migrations, discusses the out of Africa theory and refutes Heyerdahl's theory of the Peruvian origin of the Polynesians, opposing an Indonesian origin. He also describes the use of mitochondrial DNA in identifying the remains of Czar Nicholas II, and in assessing the genetic makeup of modern Europe. The title of the book comes from one of the principal achievements of mitochondrial genetics, which is the classification of all modern humans into mitochondrial haplogroups. Each haplogroup is defined by set of characteristic mutations on the mitochondrial genome, and can be traced along a person's maternal line to a specific prehistoric woman. Sykes refers to these women as "clan mothers", though these women did not all live concurrently, and indeed some "clan mothers" are descended from others. All these women in turn shared a common ancestor, the so-called Mitochondrial Eve. Sykes claims there are seven mitochondrial lineages for modern Europeans (though others put the number at 11 or 12) and he therefore speaks of the "Seven Daughters of Eve". The number of mitochondrial lineages for the entire human population (rather than just for Europeans) is considerably larger. The second half of the book is spent on a series of fictional narratives, written by Sykes, describing his creatives guesses about the lives of each of these seven "clan mothers". This latter half generally met with mixed reviews in comparison with the first part.

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What is the Wisest Thing You Have Heard?

Anything you have been told about anything. What made it wise? How is wisdom gained? What was this saying refering too? As always, I ask this with Metta(((((may all gain insight))))) Thank you for answering

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Best Answer - Chosen by Asker

A fine old professor of mine once told us...."I have never learned ANYTHING while I was talking". I have found this to be true ... and it made it much easier to pick out those who want to learn FROM you...and those who want to impress you with THEIR knowledge.

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Reality is wrong. Dreams are real.

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One wise man told me that I am a child of the universe and that I am worthy of love.

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Back a side, but don't be a backside

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"Fall down six times, stand up seven" The power of persistence and patience.

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Think before opening pie hole.

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Listen